Vancouvers Marc Emery sold large quantities of marijuana seeds to Americans. He will be extradited from Canada to the United States in January to serve a five year prison sentence. In an interview during his last days of freedom, he says it has been worth it to thwart the ‘war on drugs’.

By Frank Kuin in Vancouver

Walking along Hastings Street in Vancouver, arm in arm with his wife Jodie, Marc Emery looks like anything but one of Americas most wanted drug dealers. But he is in fact number 46 on a list of 50 dangerous drugs criminals. His days as a free man are numbered: he is about to be extradited to the United States to be locked up.

The couple enters the building at No. 307, which they refer to as their ‘international headquarters’. The building is decorated in green and filled with an entourage of followers. The headquarters features a store, an editorial room, a recording studio, political offices and a smoking cafe. Everything related to marijuana is sold here – except marijuana, because that’s illegal. If you want to smoke a joint in the cafe, you have to bring your own. Not that it is hard to come by in Vancouver, a city nicknamed ‘Vansterdam’.

Het 'internationale hoofdkwartier' van Marc Emery in Vancouver.

Marc Emery’s ‘international headquarters’ in Vancouver.

Emery, a tireless proponent of the liberal cannabis culture on Canada’s West coast, takes a seat in the office of his Cannabis Culture magazine. He wants to make the best of his last days of freedom, he says, before he begins to serve his five year jail sentence for trafficking marijuana. After an extensive legal battle, he has struck a plea bargain with US prosecutors: a guilty plea in exchange for a lighter sentence. He is free on bail until the Canadian Justice minister signs his extradition papers, expected in January.

It’s a setback, acknowledges Emery (51). “But if I go to jail for five years, that doesn’t undermine the huge accomplishments we were able to make,” he adds, pointing to the growth of millions of cannabis plants in Canada and the US from seeds he has sold.

Emery is going to prison for the sale of millions of cannabis seeds to American buyers. Between 1994 and 2005, he openly sold large quantities of seeds by mail order. He sold in packs of ten, for up to $100 (US), to customers all over North America and beyond. With the proceeds, he financed campaigns to legalize marijuana in various countries and US states. It earned him international fame, and the nickname ‘Prince of Pot’.

De Canadese vlag in het groen, met een cannabisblad in plaats van het esdoornblad.

The Canadian flag in green, with a cannabis leaf instead of a maple leaf.

Trade in cannabis seeds is illegal in Canada and the US, but the law in Canada is rarely enforced. At most, it is punished with a fine. Vancouver police turned a blind eye as Emery’s operation grew into a multimillion dollar business. He paid taxes and courted publicity. By his own estimate, he has given away 4 million dollars in profits to political initiatives, including his own Marijuana Party.

“That was the only reason we were raising the money,” Emery says. “I didn’t keep any of it.” His aim was to “overgrow the government,” he explains. “We’re trying to thwart the American drug war by having people grow lots of marijuana, and support different activities to try to make marijuana legal, by peaceful democratic means.”

Emery was inspired to take this approach by the Dutch hemp pioneer Ben Dronkers, he says. “In 1994, I went to the Cannabis Cup and I was on a panel with Ben Dronkers. He got up and said: ‘we sold millions of seeds that produced tens of millions of plants all over the world that have changed the face of marijuana production everywhere.’ I thought that was a brilliant plan. And even though seeds were legal in Holland, I thought it wouldn’t be difficult to sell them in Canada. Even if I got charged, I would probably only get a fine. I thought it was a risk worth taking.”

The strategy worked. As ringleader of the cannabis industry in the Canadian province of British Columbia (B.C.), Emery contributed to an explosive growth of weed cultivation on the west coast over the past 15 years. The sought-after marijuana from the area, known as ‘BC Bud’, is widely estimated to be the largest economic product of the region. Cultivation of marijuana plants in tens of thousands of illegal ‘grow-ops’ is estimated to be worth $7 billion (Canadian) annually.

Wietplantage in de Canadese provincie British Columbia.

Marijuana grow-op in British Columbia.

But the anti-drug warriors of the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) were not amused by the rise of Vancouver as a weed Mecca. To their dismay, Emery could spread his seeds and ideas with impunity, from his base less than 40 kilometres from the US border. In the words of Seattle-based DEA agent Rodney Benson: “Indoor grow operations that are popping up all over the United States traced right back to Marc Emery.”

The DEA decided to intervene. Under pressure from the Bush administration, Emery was arrested in 2005 by Vancouver police on an extradition warrant. He was charged with marijuana trafficking and money laundering for his funding of political activities – activities that were tolerated in Canada, but that were punishable by 20 years to life in the U.S. The DEA hailed Emery’s arrest as “a blow to the marijuana legalization movement”.

“We’re trying to thwart the drug war by having people grow lots of marijuana”

Emery began a legal struggle against his extradition – an uphill battle, as Canada does not usually refuse U.S. extradition requests. And the current Conservative government was not about to make an exception; it has introduced a bill in parliament to impose tougher sentences on cannabis cultivation. Plans by the previous Liberal cabinet to decriminalize possession of small amounts of weed have been scrapped.

Emery rejects the U-turn in Canadian marijuana policy as the work of “our own Bush administration”. Ironically, he now sees greater progress for the cause in US states such as California, where medical marijuana is widely available. “BC Bud had a good reputation, but now California marijuana is superseding our reputation”, he says, chuckling. “I’ll likely end up in a federal penitentiary in California, a jurisdiction where anybody can buy seeds at any time.”

Still, Emery has no regrets, he says. His wife Jodie will mind the shop in Vancouver while he’s away. “It’s worth the sacrifice,” he says. “I expect to continue campaigning for the legalization of marijuana, even from jail.”

This post is also available in: Dutch

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